Rockstar Games, Inc. is an American video game publisher based in New York City. The company was established in December 1998 as a subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive, and as successor to BMG Interactive, a dormant video game publisher of which Take-Two had previously acquired the assets. Founding members of the company were Sam and Dan Houser, Terry Donovan and Jamie King, who worked for Take-Two at the time, and of which the Houser brothers were previously executives at BMG Interactive. Co-founders Sam and Dan Houser head the studio as president and vice-president for creative, respectively.
Since 1999, several companies acquired by or established under Take-Two have become part of Rockstar Games, such as Rockstar Canada (later renamed Rockstar Toronto) becoming the first one in 1999, and Rockstar India the most recent in 2016. All companies organized under Rockstar Games bear the "Rockstar" name and logo. In this context, Rockstar Games is sometimes also referred to as Rockstar New York, Rockstar NY or Rockstar NYC. Rockstar Games also sports a motion capture studio in Bethpage, New York.
Rockstar Games predominantly publishes games in the action-adventure genre, while racing games also saw success for the company. One of such action-adventure game franchises is Grand Theft Auto, which Rockstar Games took over from BMG Interactive, which published the series' original 1997 entry. The most recent game in the series, Grand Theft Auto V, has shipped over 110 million copies since its release in September 2013, making it one of the best-selling video games of all time. Other popular franchises published by Rockstar Games are Red Dead, Midnight Club, Max Payne and Manhunt. Rockstar also as separate YouTube channels for other language speakers, such as America Latina, Polska, Japanese, Nederland, Italia, and French, etc.
- Rockstar Games América Latina
- Rockstar Games Polska
- Rockstar Games 台灣
- Rockstar Games Nederland
- Rockstar Games Italia
- Rockstar Games France
- Rockstar Games Deutschland, Österreich & Schweiz
- Rockstar Games Australia & New Zealand
In May 1998, Take-Two Interactive acquired the assets of dormant British video game publisher BMG Interactive from its parent, BMG Entertainment (in turn a Bertelsmann subsidiary), in exchange for 1.85 million shares, around 16% of the company's common stock. Through the acquisition, Take-Two Interactive gained rights to BMG Interactive-owned intellectual properties, including Grand Theft Auto and the upcoming Space Station Silicon Valley. BMG Interactive executives Sam Houser, Dan Houser and Jamie King, as well as Terry Donovan of BMG Entertainment-owned record label Arista Records, subsequently moved to New York City to work for Take-Two Interactive. In December 1998, the Houser brothers, Donovan and King established Rockstar Games as a subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive, acting as the company's high-end publishing label. The formation was formally announced on January 22, 1999.
In January 2007, Take-Two Interactive announced that Donovan, until then managing director for Rockstar Games, left the company following a four-month leave of absence. He was succeeded by Gary Dale, who became chief operating officer. Dale previously worked with the Houser brothers and King at BMG Interactive, but left the company when it was acquired by Take-Two Interactive, and joined Capcom's European operations as managing director in 2003.
As of February 2014, Rockstar Games titles have shipped more than 250 million copies, the largest franchise being the Grand Theft Auto series, which alone has shipments of at least 250 million as of November 2016. Grand Theft Auto V shipped the highest number of units within the series' and the company's history, with over 110 million copies, becoming one of the bestselling video games of all time.
At the British Academy Video Games Awards in March 2014, Rockstar Games was honored with the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award for "creating intricately layered interactive worlds that have kept the company at the forefront of the gaming industry for over a decade, both critically and commercially". Jennifer Kolbe, who started at the front desk of Take-Two, acts as Rockstar Games' head of publishing and oversees all development studios. Simon Ramsey is the company's head of PR and communications.
In May 2019, Rockstar Games announced that they had acquired Dhruva Interactive from Starbreeze Studios for $7.9 million, with the sale expecting to finalize by the first half of 2019. The company will operate alongside Rockstar India, which will add an additional 320 employees to the studio.
In October 2011, Dan Houser told Famitsu that Rockstar Games was intentionally avoiding developing games in the first-person shooter genre, because "it is in our DNA to avoid doing what other companies are doing [...] the goalpoint of Rockstar is to have the players really feel what we're trying to do." Houser went on to say "Our games up to now have been different from any genre that existed at the time; we made new genres by ourselves with games like the GTA series. We didn't rely on testimonials in a business textbook to do what we've done. [...] If we make the sort of games we want to play, then we believe people are going to buy them."
The company has been involved with charitable work ranging from supporting Movember, offering appearances in games as a raffle prize, and charity live streams.
List of Games Developed/Published
|1999||Grand Theft Auto: London 1969||Microsoft Windows, MS-DOS, PlayStation||Rockstar Canada|
|Monster Truck Madness 64||Nintendo 64||Edge of Reality|
|Grand Theft Auto: London 1961||Microsoft Windows, MS-DOS||Rockstar Canada|
|Thrasher Presents Skate and Destroy||PlayStation||Z-Axis|
|Grand Theft Auto||Game Boy Color||Tarantula Studios|
|Grand Theft Auto 2||Dreamcast, Game Boy Color, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation||DMA Design, Tarantula Studios (GBC)|
|Earthworm Jim 3D[a]||Nintendo 64||VIS Entertainment|
|Evel Knievel||Game Boy Color||Tarantula Studios|
|2000||Wild Metal||Dreamcast||DMA Design|
|Austin Powers: Oh, Behave!||Game Boy Color||Tarantula Studios|
|Austin Powers: Welcome to My Underground Lair!|
|Midnight Club: Street Racing||Game Boy Advance, PlayStation 2||Angel Studios, Rebellion Developments(GBA)|
|Surfing H3O||PlayStation 2||Opus|
|The Italian Job[a]||PlayStation||Pixelogic|
|Grand Theft Auto III||Android, Fire OS, iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox||DMA Design|
|Smuggler's Run 2: Hostile Territory||PlayStation 2||Angel Studios|
|Max Payne||Android, Game Boy Advance, iOS, PlayStation 2, Xbox||Möbius Entertainment (GBA), Remedy Entertainment|
|2002||State of Emergency||PlayStation 2, Xbox||VIS Entertainment|
|Smuggler's Run: Warzones||GameCube||Angel Studios|
|Grand Theft Auto: Vice City||Android, Fire OS, iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox||Rockstar North|
|2003||Midnight Club II||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox||Rockstar San Diego|
|Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne||Remedy Entertainment|
|2004||Red Dead Revolver||PlayStation 2, Xbox||Rockstar San Diego|
|Grand Theft Auto Advance||Game Boy Advance||Digital Eclipse|
|Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas||Android, Fire OS, iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Windows Phone, Xbox, Xbox 360||Rockstar North|
|2005||Midnight Club 3: Dub Edition||PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Xbox||Rockstar San Diego|
|The Warriors||Rockstar Toronto|
|Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories||Android, Fire OS, iOS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable||Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North|
|2006||Midnight Club 3: Dub Edition Remix||PlayStation 2, Xbox||Rockstar San Diego|
|Rockstar Games Presents Table Tennis||Wii, Xbox 360|
|Bully[b]||Android, iOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Wii, Xbox 360||Rockstar Vancouver|
|Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories||PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable||Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North|
|2007||Manhunt 2||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Wii||Rockstar London|
|2008||Grand Theft Auto IV||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Rockstar North|
|Midnight Club: Los Angeles||PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Rockstar San Diego|
|Midnight Club: L.A. Remix||PlayStation Portable||Rockstar London|
|2009||Grand Theft Auto IV: The Lost and Damned||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Rockstar North|
|Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars||Android, Fire OS, iOS, Nintendo DS, PlayStation Portable||Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North|
|Beaterator||iOS, PlayStation Portable||Rockstar Leeds|
|Grand Theft Auto: The Ballad of Gay Tony||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Rockstar North|
|2010||Red Dead Redemption||PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Rockstar San Diego|
|Red Dead Redemption: Undead Nightmare|
|2011||L.A. Noire||Microsoft Windows, Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Team Bondi|
|2012||Max Payne 3||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360||Rockstar Studios|
|2013||Grand Theft Auto V||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Rockstar North|
|2017||L.A. Noire: The VR Case Files||Microsoft Windows||Videogames Deluxe|
|2018||Red Dead Redemption 2||PlayStation 4, Xbox One||Rockstar Studios|
|TBA||Agent[c]||PlayStation 3||Rockstar North|
|1999||GTA 2 – The Movie||Crime drama|
|2004||The Football Factory||Drama|
|Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas – The Introduction||Crime drama|
|2010||Red Dead Redemption: The Man from Blackwater||Western drama|
Rockstar Studios is a collaborative effort between all of Rockstar Games' subsidiaries.
|||Rockstar India||Bangalore, India||2016–present||Daniel Smith heads the studio as general manager. The team at Dhruva Interactive will operate alongside this studio.|
|||Rockstar International||London, England||2003–present||The international publishing headquarters for Rockstar Games. Located in the same offices as Rockstar London.|
|||Rockstar Leeds||Leeds, England||2004–present||Created Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars, Liberty City Stories and Vice City Stories. Also ported L.A. Noire to Microsoft Windows.|
|||Rockstar Lincoln||Lincoln, England||2002–present||Dedicated quality assurance and localization house for games published by Rockstar Games.|
|||Rockstar London||London, England||2005–present||Completed the development on Manhunt 2 and Midnight Club: L.A. Remix. Located in the same offices as Rockstar International.|
|||Rockstar New England||Ballardvale, Massachusetts, U.S.||2008–present||Responsible for Bully: Scholarship Edition.|
|||Rockstar North||Edinburgh, Scotland||2002–present||Responsible for Manhunt and the Grand Theft Auto series.|
|||Rockstar San Diego||Carlsbad, California, U.S.||2002–present||Responsible for the Red Dead, Smuggler's Run and Midnight Club series. Also houses RAGE Technology Group, an in-house game engine team that is responsible for the development and maintenance of the Rockstar Advanced Game Engine.|
|||Rockstar Toronto||Oakville, Ontario, Canada||1999–present||Responsible for The Warriors. Also developed Microsoft Windows ports for Grand Theft Auto IV, The Lost and Damned, The Ballad of Gay Tony, and Grand Theft Auto V.|
|||Rockstar Vancouver||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada||2002–2012||Responsible for Bully. Merged into Rockstar Toronto in July 2012.|
|||Rockstar Vienna||Vienna, Austria||2003–2006|
Rockstar Advanced Game Engine (RAGE) is a game engine developed by the Rockstar San Diego-internal RAGE Technology Group, created to facilitate game development on the PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Microsoft Windows, OS X and Wii systems.
Rockstar Games Social Club is an online gaming service created by Rockstar Games for authentication and multiplayer applications within their games.
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This page was created by JakCooperThePlumber on September 3, 2019.