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Rockstar Games, Inc. is an American video game publisher based in New York City. The company was established in December 1998 as a subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive, and as successor to BMG Interactive, a dormant video game publisher of which Take-Two had previously acquired the assets. Founding members of the company were Sam and Dan Houser, Terry Donovan and Jamie King, who worked for Take-Two at the time, and of which the Houser brothers were previously executives at BMG Interactive. Co-founders Sam and Dan Houser head the studio as president and vice-president for creative, respectively.

Since 1999, several companies acquired by or established under Take-Two have become part of Rockstar Games, such as Rockstar Canada (later renamed Rockstar Toronto) becoming the first one in 1999, and Rockstar India the most recent in 2016. All companies organized under Rockstar Games bear the "Rockstar" name and logo. In this context, Rockstar Games is sometimes also referred to as Rockstar New York, Rockstar NY or Rockstar NYC. Rockstar Games also sports a motion capture studio in Bethpage, New York.

Rockstar Games predominantly publishes games in the action-adventure genre, while racing games also saw success for the company. One of such action-adventure game franchises is Grand Theft Auto, which Rockstar Games took over from BMG Interactive, which published the series' original 1997 entry. The most recent game in the series, Grand Theft Auto V, has shipped over 110 million copies since its release in September 2013, making it one of the best-selling video games of all time. Other popular franchises published by Rockstar Games are Red Dead, Midnight Club, Max Payne and Manhunt. Rockstar also as separate YouTube channels for other language speakers, such as America Latina, Polska, Japanese, Nederland, Italia, and French, etc.

Featured Channels

  • Rockstar Games América Latina
  • Rockstar Games Polska
  • Rockstar Games 台灣
  • Rockstar Games Nederland
  • Rockstar Games Italia
  • Rockstar Games France
  • Rockstar Games Deutschland, Österreich & Schweiz
  • Rockstar Games Australia & New Zealand


In May 1998, Take-Two Interactive acquired the assets of dormant British video game publisher BMG Interactive from its parent, BMG Entertainment (in turn a Bertelsmann subsidiary), in exchange for 1.85 million shares, around 16% of the company's common stock. Through the acquisition, Take-Two Interactive gained rights to BMG Interactive-owned intellectual properties, including Grand Theft Auto and the upcoming Space Station Silicon Valley. BMG Interactive executives Sam Houser, Dan Houser and Jamie King, as well as Terry Donovan of BMG Entertainment-owned record label Arista Records, subsequently moved to New York City to work for Take-Two Interactive. In December 1998, the Houser brothers, Donovan and King established Rockstar Games as a subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive, acting as the company's high-end publishing label. The formation was formally announced on January 22, 1999.

In January 2007, Take-Two Interactive announced that Donovan, until then managing director for Rockstar Games, left the company following a four-month leave of absence. He was succeeded by Gary Dale, who became chief operating officer. Dale previously worked with the Houser brothers and King at BMG Interactive, but left the company when it was acquired by Take-Two Interactive, and joined Capcom's European operations as managing director in 2003.

As of February 2014, Rockstar Games titles have shipped more than 250 million copies, the largest franchise being the Grand Theft Auto series, which alone has shipments of at least 250 million as of November 2016. Grand Theft Auto V shipped the highest number of units within the series' and the company's history, with over 110 million copies, becoming one of the bestselling video games of all time.

At the British Academy Video Games Awards in March 2014, Rockstar Games was honored with the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award for "creating intricately layered interactive worlds that have kept the company at the forefront of the gaming industry for over a decade, both critically and commercially". Jennifer Kolbe, who started at the front desk of Take-Two, acts as Rockstar Games' head of publishing and oversees all development studios. Simon Ramsey is the company's head of PR and communications.

In May 2019, Rockstar Games announced that they had acquired Dhruva Interactive from Starbreeze Studios for $7.9 million, with the sale expecting to finalize by the first half of 2019. The company will operate alongside Rockstar India, which will add an additional 320 employees to the studio.

Company Philosophy

In October 2011, Dan Houser told Famitsu that Rockstar Games was intentionally avoiding developing games in the first-person shooter genre, because "it is in our DNA to avoid doing what other companies are doing [...] the goalpoint of Rockstar is to have the players really feel what we're trying to do." Houser went on to say "Our games up to now have been different from any genre that existed at the time; we made new genres by ourselves with games like the GTA series. We didn't rely on testimonials in a business textbook to do what we've done. [...] If we make the sort of games we want to play, then we believe people are going to buy them."

The company has been involved with charitable work ranging from supporting Movember, offering appearances in games as a raffle prize, and charity live streams.

List of Games Developed/Published

Year Title Platform(s) Developer(s)
1999 Grand Theft Auto: London 1969 Microsoft WindowsMS-DOSPlayStation Rockstar Canada
Monster Truck Madness 64 Nintendo 64 Edge of Reality
Grand Theft Auto: London 1961 Microsoft Windows, MS-DOS Rockstar Canada
Thrasher Presents Skate and Destroy PlayStation Z-Axis
Grand Theft Auto Game Boy Color Tarantula Studios
Grand Theft Auto 2 Dreamcast, Game Boy Color, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation DMA Design, Tarantula Studios (GBC)
Earthworm Jim 3D[a] Nintendo 64 VIS Entertainment
Evel Knievel Game Boy Color Tarantula Studios
2000 Wild Metal Dreamcast DMA Design
Austin Powers: Oh, Behave! Game Boy Color Tarantula Studios
Austin Powers: Welcome to My Underground Lair!
Midnight Club: Street Racing Game Boy AdvancePlayStation 2 Angel StudiosRebellion Developments(GBA)
Smuggler's Run
Surfing H3O PlayStation 2 Opus
2001 Oni Bungie West
The Italian Job[a] PlayStation Pixelogic
Grand Theft Auto III AndroidFire OSiOSmacOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox DMA Design
Smuggler's Run 2: Hostile Territory PlayStation 2 Angel Studios
Max Payne Android, Game Boy Advance, iOS, PlayStation 2, Xbox Möbius Entertainment (GBA), Remedy Entertainment
2002 State of Emergency PlayStation 2, Xbox VIS Entertainment
Smuggler's Run: Warzones GameCube Angel Studios
Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Android, Fire OS, iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox Rockstar North
2003 Midnight Club II Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox Rockstar San Diego
Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne Remedy Entertainment
Manhunt Rockstar North
2004 Red Dead Revolver PlayStation 2, Xbox Rockstar San Diego
Grand Theft Auto Advance Game Boy Advance Digital Eclipse
Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas Android, Fire OS, iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3Windows Phone, Xbox, Xbox 360 Rockstar North
2005 Midnight Club 3: Dub Edition PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Xbox Rockstar San Diego
The Warriors Rockstar Toronto
Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories Android, Fire OS, iOS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North
2006 Midnight Club 3: Dub Edition Remix PlayStation 2, Xbox Rockstar San Diego
Rockstar Games Presents Table Tennis Wii, Xbox 360
Bully[b] Android, iOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Wii, Xbox 360 Rockstar Vancouver
Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North
2007 Manhunt 2 Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Wii Rockstar London
2008 Grand Theft Auto IV Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar North
Midnight Club: Los Angeles PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar San Diego
Midnight Club: L.A. Remix PlayStation Portable Rockstar London
2009 Grand Theft Auto IV: The Lost and Damned Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar North
Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars Android, Fire OS, iOS, Nintendo DS, PlayStation Portable Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North
Beaterator iOS, PlayStation Portable Rockstar Leeds
Grand Theft Auto: The Ballad of Gay Tony Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar North
2010 Red Dead Redemption PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar San Diego
Red Dead Redemption: Undead Nightmare
2011 L.A. Noire Microsoft Windows, Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One Team Bondi
2012 Max Payne 3 Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar Studios
2013 Grand Theft Auto V Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One Rockstar North
2017 L.A. Noire: The VR Case Files Microsoft Windows Videogames Deluxe
2018 Red Dead Redemption 2 PlayStation 4, Xbox One Rockstar Studios
TBA Agent[c] PlayStation 3 Rockstar North

Films Produced

Year Title Genre
1999 GTA 2 – The Movie Crime drama
2004 The Football Factory Drama
Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas – The Introduction Crime drama
2005 Sunday Driver Documentary
2010 Red Dead Redemption: The Man from Blackwater Western drama



Rockstar Studios is a collaborative effort between all of Rockstar Games' subsidiaries.

Logo Name Location Years Notes
[1] Rockstar India Bangalore, India 2016–present Daniel Smith heads the studio as general manager. The team at Dhruva Interactive will operate alongside this studio.
[2] Rockstar International London, England 2003–present The international publishing headquarters for Rockstar Games. Located in the same offices as Rockstar London.
[3] Rockstar Leeds Leeds, England 2004–present Created Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown WarsLiberty City Stories and Vice City Stories. Also ported L.A. Noire to Microsoft Windows.
[4] Rockstar Lincoln Lincoln, England 2002–present Dedicated quality assurance and localization house for games published by Rockstar Games.
[5] Rockstar London London, England 2005–present Completed the development on Manhunt 2 and Midnight Club: L.A. Remix. Located in the same offices as Rockstar International.
[6] Rockstar New England BallardvaleMassachusetts, U.S. 2008–present Responsible for Bully: Scholarship Edition.
[7] Rockstar North Edinburgh, Scotland 2002–present Responsible for Manhunt and the Grand Theft Auto series.[26]
[8] Rockstar San Diego CarlsbadCalifornia, U.S. 2002–present Responsible for the Red DeadSmuggler's Run and Midnight Club series. Also houses RAGE Technology Group, an in-house game engine team that is responsible for the development and maintenance of the Rockstar Advanced Game Engine.
[9] Rockstar Toronto OakvilleOntario, Canada 1999–present Responsible for The Warriors. Also developed Microsoft Windows ports for Grand Theft Auto IVThe Lost and DamnedThe Ballad of Gay Tony, and Grand Theft Auto V.


Logo Name Location Years Notes
[10] Rockstar Vancouver VancouverBritish Columbia, Canada 2002–2012 Responsible for Bully. Merged into Rockstar Toronto in July 2012.
[11] Rockstar Vienna Vienna, Austria 2003–2006

Porting house with a focus on Xbox. Closed down in May 2006, during the development of Manhunt 2, which was transferred to Rockstar London.



Rockstar Advanced Game Engine (RAGE) is a game engine developed by the Rockstar San Diego-internal RAGE Technology Group, created to facilitate game development on the PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Microsoft Windows, OS X and Wii systems.

Social Club

Rockstar Games Social Club is an online gaming service created by Rockstar Games for authentication and multiplayer applications within their games.

External Links

See Also

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